The Textile collection, like the other collections of the Museum, was essentially formed from the patrimony confiscated from churches and monasteries dissolved by the Liberal Revolution. It includes pieces from the collection of the Museu Municipal, as well as of the extinct Museu Industrial e Comercial do Porto. Since then it has been added to by donations as well as purchases effected with State funding.
Chronologically it covers a period from the 17th to 19th centuries and it is characterized by the great diversity of pieces that can be divided into three groups: historical, liturgical and civil.
The historical nucleus is constituted by objects, which although they may not be of the highest artistic quality, have enormous significance in the national context and especially for the city of Porto, as, for example, the Colonel’s uniform worn by D. Pedro IV during the siege of Porto.
The liturgical nucleus is the most important of the collection, not only because it is the largest, but above all from the point of view of the artistic quality of many of its pieces.
The civil nucleus includes some pieces of clothing from the 18th and 19th centuries, quilts, embroidered hangings, Arraiolos carpets, bobbin lace, and framed needlepoint samplers.